IKSDP Nyandiwa

The region where the Project takes place PDF Print E-mail

The project takes place in the peninsula of Nyandiwa, a peninsula on the lake Victoria, kenyain the Gwassi Division, Suba District, in the west Kenya. The nearest town is Homa Bay, and the capital city, Nairobi, is 500 km far. In the peninsula there aren't large towns, and the villages look like as a series of huts, cultivated field and pasture lands.

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Some villages, like Nyandiwa and Kikubi, afe on the shores of the lake Victoria (the third largest lake in the world), at a height of 1200 metres; other villages, like Kisaku, God Bura, Kimange, Nyenga, Fondo, Kimoro, Kirambo, Miramba, afe on the hills looking on to the lake, in some cases up to 2000 metres. Kiwa island is opposite Nyandiwa village.

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Gwassi area is one of the poorest one in Kenya. Its streets are simply tracks or trails, there is no electricity and the post service is very precarious. Since 1994 the water supply of drinkable water comes from the aqueduct built thanks to the enterprise of IKSDP - Harambee Gwassi project. Up to now it is not possible to give the water in the huts, so they lack of sanitary fittings.

The peninsula of Nyandiwa is on the equatorial line, but the climate, made mild because of the height, over 1000 metres, and by the water of the lake, can be defined a pleasant one even by the whites. During the year four seasons alternate: two dry and longer ones, two of great rain.

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As far as the environment, the forest is from 2000 metres upwards, but it is not wide because of the cutting down of the wood, started for a century. The prevalent habitat is the savannah, with dry grasses for nearly all the year and isolated trees, among them the acacias.Around the villages there are the cultivated fields.

In Gwassi area live 56, 000 people; 13, 000 out of them are from Nyandiwa. The inhabitants belong mostly to two African tribes. The most numerous is the Niloti one, mostly Luo. There is also a small group of Bantu, formed by Subas, Luhyias and Kuria. However the population along the shores of the lake Victoria and in Nyandiwa village is heterogeneous, because of the prevalent economic activity of the fishing.

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The Luo are the third tribe of the Kenya; they are from the low Sudan, around the Nile. They were nomads, like the Masai: they bred the cattle and got rich through wars and raids against sedentary tribes. In the last 100 years the Luo have become a sedentary people, situated in the area near the lake Victoria. As they are numerically prevalent, they have influenced the other tribes with their cultural traditions.semina_008

The most common economic activities are the fishing, the agriculture and the breeding of the cattle. So far the agriculture has been a subsistence one; the families cultivate corn, kassawa, sorghum, millet, bananas and various pumpkins.

The tourism doesn't exist and the trade is above all among local people.

Every activity is made in a traditional way and produce very little. Nyandiwa area is classified as "hardship": a poverty and underdevelopment region.

 

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